Present Simple and Present Continuous

Present Simple and Present Continuous

October 22 2012 , Written by John Currin’s Blogs and News



Present Simple and Present Continuous

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In today’s lesson we will be discussing the differences between the present simple and the present continuous. It is a common mistake for English learners to mix these two tenses up, but after this lesson you will know when to use the correct tense. Read the explanation and the examples and then complete the sentences with the correct verb.

Present Simple

The present simple is used to talk about facts or general truths: 
The sun heats the atmosphere.
The heart pumps blood through the body

It also talks about habits for example, always, usually, often, sometimes, never: 
We usually play soccer.
You always work.

It’s also used to talk about schedules or programs:
The train leaves in an hour.

Another useful rule to consider when using the present simple is the form of the verb with the 3rd person singular:

When the verb ends in s, or a similar sound such as shch or xadd es:

Watch > watches

Dash > dashes

When the verb ends in o, we also add an es:

Go > goes

Do > does

When the verb ends in y, and it is preceded by a consonant, we have to change the y to i, and then add es:

Fl> flies

Stud> studies

Present Continuous

The present continuous can be used to express different things, and in different circumstances:

To refer to actions that are developing at the time of speaking.

Go away, I am reading a book! (right now)

We also use the present continuous to describe things that happen around the time we are talking.

She is studying English. (not just now)

We can use the present continuous to refer to actions that have taken place with some frequency.

You are always working(it happens frequently)

When we speak of a future action that we know will be done. In this case we must mention the time in which we will complete the action.

I am going to Madrid next week.

Put the verb in the correct tense by following the rules above:

  • 1. I ___ a very interesting book.
    am reading
  • 2. Phillip always ___ six hours a day.
    is working
  • 3. Tomorrow we ___ a movie at the cinema.
    are watching
  • 4. Where ___?
    do you go
    are you going
  • 5. He ___ you very well.
    is not knowing
    doesn’t know
  • 6. What will they do if he ___ late?
    is coming
  • 7. Her husband ___ porridge for breakfast.
    is preferring
  • 8. Your flight ___ at 13.30 from gate 4.
    is leaving



Word of the Day | statutory

October 22 2012 , Written by John Currin’s Blogs and News



Word of the Day | statutory

statutory •\ˈsta-chə-ˌtȯr-ē\• adjective

1. relating to or created by statutes (established laws or rules)
2. prescribed or authorized by or punishable under a statute



“Don’t make me pull this car over!”

“Don’t make me pull this car over!”

English Lesson: Don't make me pull this car over!

You’re driving somewhere with your son riding in the back seat. He’s misbehaving, and you want him to stop. You threaten to punish him like this.

Don’t make me pull this car over!

pull over


When you’re driving, to “pull over” means to stop your car on the side of the road. You might have to “pull over” when a police car stops you, when you have engine trouble, or when you need to look at a map. Here’s an example:

When there’s an ambulance or fire truck approaching, you’re supposed to pull over to the side of the road and let them pass.

You can use “pull over” by itself like in this example. Or you can use it with an object like this:

You’re supposed to pull your vehicle over to the side of the road.


Don’t make me (do something)!


This is a phrase that’s most often used by parents or teachers talking to misbehaving children. You say “Don’t make me (do something)!” to threaten some kind of punishment. For example:

Don’t make me come up there!

Don’t make me call your mother!

As you can see, the parent doesn’t directly state what the punishment is going to be; it’s just a vague threat of something bad that’s going to happen if the child continues to behave badly.




(Print this lesson) 

Your word for today is: osculation, n.

Your word for today is: osculation, n.


osculation, n.
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˌɒskjᵿˈleɪʃn/,  U.S. /ˌɑskjəˈleɪʃ(ə)n/
Etymology: <  classical Latin ōsculātiōn-ōsculātiō the action of kissing <  ōsculāt-, past participle of ōsculārī osculate v. + -iō -ion suffix1. Compare Middle French, French osculation(1509 in sense 1, 1750 in sense 2(b)).
 1.  The action of kissing; a kiss.

1658  E. Phillips New World Eng. WordsOsculation, a kissing or imbracing.
1663  W. Clark Marciano iii. iv. 37 He told me, that you would not permit osculation.
1715  tr.  G. Pancirolli Hist. Mem. Things I. iv. iv. 164 This Ceremony of Osculation was esteem’d such an Honour.
1769  T. Smollett Adventures of Atom I. 38 The osculation itself was soft, warm, emollient, and comfortable.
1854  Thackeray Newcomes I. xxiii. 220 If osculation is a mark of love, surely Mrs. Mack is the best of mothers.
1865 Sat. Rev. 23 Dec. 779/1 Promiscuous osculation is the last thing he dreams of.
1945 Russ. Rev. 5 74 Kodaya, whose Japanese training included nothing remotely bearing on public osculation, bent over.
1991  M. Scott Nudists may be Encountered 108 If you were to approach one [sc. a frog], ever so cautious, lips pursed for the coming osculation, it would leap, trailing warty legs.
 2.  Close contact, an instance of this; spec. †(a) the mutual contact of blood vessels (obs.); (b) Geom. contact of curves or surfaces which share a common tangent at the point of contact (also used analogously of spaces of higher dimension).

1669  W. Simpson Hydrol. Chymica 130 The osculations of the vessels of the womb.
1672  N. Grew Anat. Veg. ii. 45 These Osculations of the Lignous Body, and so the interception of the Insertions of the Cortical, are not to be observ’d by the traverse cut of the Root.
1798 Anti-Jacobin 16 Apr. 181/1 No Circles join in osculation sweet!
1816  tr.  S. F. Lacroix Elem. Treat. Differential & Integral Calculus 116 Called the contact of osculation.
1838 Proc Amer. Philos. Soc. 1 37 Formation of ring or instant of osculation of limbs.
1860  F. W. Farrar Ess. Origin Lang. ix. 202 Are there any points of osculation between the languages of these three great distinct families?
1906 Jrnl. Philos. 3 226 This blending or osculation seemed to effect the rise and subsidence of the intellectual presentations.
1981 Philos. Trans. (Royal Soc.) B. 294 259 Most interactions between platelets (and red cells) and walls..consist of transient osculations rather than adhesion.
2000 Federal News Service (Nexis) 28 Sept., By understanding climate prediction models, such as understanding the Arctic and trying to factor it into the equation of Atlantic and Pacific osculations,..we can begin to optimize agriculture.

ESL Writing Lesson: Editing and Paraphrasing

ESL Writing Lesson: Editing and Paraphrasing

October 22 2012 , Written by John Currin’s Blogs and News



ESL Writing Lesson: Editing and Paraphrasing

by ESLWRITER on OCTOBER 22, 2012

This is a quick editing exercise for the ESL students who want to learn English writing.

There are three short paragraphs that need to be corrected, with answers on the second page.

ESL Writing Lesson


The worksheets is here: ESL editing exercises. There are many kinds of errors including punctuation, grammar and spelling.

Paraphrasing Lesson

Paraphrasing is a great way to help ESl students learn English writing. It builds vocabulary and asks the students to rewrite structured sentences.

Here is paraphrase writing lesson with synonyms. It has a description of how to paraphrase and writing worksheets plus answers.




Difference between Practise or Practice?

October 22 2012 , Written by John Currin’s Blogs and News



Difference between Practise or Practice?

What is the difference between Practise and Practice or Advice and Advise?


This is a common problem that even native speakers have problems with occasionally.

Practise and Advise are verbs

Practice is a noun or an adjective

Advice is a noun


If you want to speak good English:

  • You must practise a lot
  • Reading English every day is good practice
  • There are a number of Practice tests on this website
  • Could you give me some advice, please?
  • My teacher advised me to spend my summer in an English speaking country

Good idea for remembering which is the noun:

Think that “ice” is a noun, but “ise” isn’t.

So the words that finish in “ice” are nouns(or adjectives).

The words that finish in “ise” are NOT

Do you want to see some more English vocabulary items?







Categories: GrammarVocabulary – Tags: 


Advanced English Conversation Lessons: Week 9

Advanced English Conversation Lessons: Week 9

by ESLWRITER on OCTOBER 21, 2012

Exam are done. It’s time to get back to the business of learning to speak English well.

ESL Lessons

Group Work Mystery

This is a small group activity. It is a murder mystery. Work in a small group of 4-5 people.

One person reads one alibi card. Use the list of characters and house plan to eliminate people. Find the murderer after reading the clues.

Pair Work Lesson: Movies

In pairs, create summaries of 10 movies. Make one sentence per movie. For example, “This is a story about ….”

Don’t mention the name of the movie your summary sentence. Now change partners. Read the list to your partner. See if you new partner can guess the name of the movie for each summary.

Pair Work Lesson: Quick Conversations

Ask your partner these question. Use follow up questions to build the dialogue and get more details.

Can you tell me …

  • something you are keen on these days?
  • something or someone you are suspicious of?
  • something or someone you are fond of?
  • someone you are proud of?
  • something you are tired of?
  • 3 things which you have not gotten round to yet?

Oral Presentations

If you remember the class syllabus from the first week of the semester, each student will need to do an in-class presentation. That is worth 10%. Here are the requirements for the presentation.

1. You must do some research. That means you must collect and analyze data in your presentation.

2. You will submit a written paper of your speech to me on the day of your speech. You should use at least three references.

3. I suggest you think about a job-related topic. Remember, this is a skills-based class. This is a good chance for you to do some research in a field related to your job interests.

Here is an example. Let’s say you want to work as ground staff at an airport. So, you could do a comparison of two of three airports. Or you want to be a flight attendant. Do an analysis of major air carriers and regional carriers like KAL and Busan Air.

4. It must be well organized. You need a topic which is supported by reasons, evidence and/or details.

5. A PPT is not necessary but usually a good idea.

6. You should speak for 3 to 5 minutes. Definitely not more than 5 and certainly not less than 3.

7. The standards for this presentation will be high. I encourage you to practice your speech. A lot. Visit my office if you want help.

8. Be interesting. Be topical. Be informative. Be creative. Teach us something. Absolutely no stories about an MT trip to Gyeongju, your favorite hobby, or a story about why Girls Generation is the best girl group ever.

9. You must write your presentation, Do not copy text from internet. Plagiarism can be checked. If you cheat, you get a zero.


We will have 4 to 5 speakers per 2 hour class (for the MON-TUES class, presentations will be on Tuesdays. For the TUES-WED class, presentations will be on Wednesdays.)

Presentations will run for the month of November. Today, you will sign up for your presentation time with a general topic. The end of the second semester is usually busy so it will not be possible to change your presentation date. If you miss your scheduled time, it will not be possible to reschedule, with the exception of extreme personal problems.

I strongly encourage you to start preparing soon. Don’t leave this to the last minute.

Good luck.


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