Hello Alexander and thanks very much for your question! Well, the English language has lots of weather-related vocabulary – that’s probably because the weather in the UK is so changeable! So, let’s look at the two adjectives that you’ve asked about – that’s rainy
. When we say something like:It’s a very rainy day today
We mean it’s raining a lot – probably for most of the day, with only the odd break here and there in the rain, or maybe no breaks at all. But when we describe the weather as showery, what we mean is that usually it rains for a while, then it stops raining for a while and then it starts again and there’s off-and-on rain through the day.
When we talk about the weather in English, we generally use a mixture of adjectives and nouns and we have a few standard expressions as well. Here are some more words and expressions related to wet weather:
drizzle (n) / drizzly (adj)
very soft, light rain, which usually continues for a long time
raining very heavily
freezing rain; a mixture of rain and snow together
It’s chucking it down!
It’s raining really heavily
Nice weather for ducks!
It’s raining very heavily
Now here’s some vocabulary for hot weather:
scorching (adj) / a scorcher (n)
a heatwave (n)
a period of extremely hot and dry weather that lasts for several days or even weeks
Now here’s some vocabulary for cold weather:
bitter (adj) / bitterly cold
frost (n) / frosty (adj)
this is the name for the layer of ice crystals that forms on exposed objects when the weather’s very cold. This often happens overnight, and when you wake up in the morning everything’s white!
the kind-of pointed stick of ice which is formed by the freezing of dripping water.
Now for wind, we can say:
breeze (n) / breezy (adj)
a light wind, and is often quite refreshing when the weather is hot
wind blowing in short but strong and frequent bursts
Northerly / North wind(s)
this refers to wind direction, but it means where the wind comes from, not where it’s blowing to. So a North windblows from the North.
It’s a bit wild out there!
we can say this when it’s very windy and rainy.
There are also several phrases that you can use when you want to ask about the weather. Here are some of them:
What’s it like outside?
And another one:
What’s the weather like?
Here’s another one:
Is it raining?
Is it snowing?
Is it sunny out there?
Have you seen the weather forecast?
And if you want to answer this question, by talking about the weather in general, there are a few adjectives that go with the word weather which you can use. You can say,
It’s beautiful weather
Another way to say this is:
Oh it’s lovely weather today
If the weather’s not so good you can say:
It’s horrible weather today
And if it’s raining and windy and cold you can say:
Oh it’s foul weather today!
Well, I hope my answer’s been useful, Alexander, and that the weather in Russia is lovely today!